#737. Authority.-- N. authority; influence, patronage, power, preponderance, credit, prestige, prerogative, jurisdiction; right &c. (title) 924; direction &c. 693; government &c. 737a.
divine right, dynastic rights, authoritativeness; absoluteness, absolutism; despotism; jus nocendi[Lat]; jus divinum[Lat].
mastery, mastership, masterdom[obs]; dictation, control.
hold, grasp; grip, gripe; reach; iron sway &c. (severity) 739; fangs, clutches, talons; rod of empire &c. (scepter) 747.
[Vicarious authority] commission &c. 755; deputy &c.759; permission &c. 760.
V. authorize &c. (permit) 760; warrant &c. (right) 924; dictate &c. (order) 741.
be at the head of &c. adj.; hold office, be in office, fill an office; hold master, occupy master, a post master, be master &c. 745.
have the upper hand, get the upper hand, have the whip, get the whip; gain a hold upon, preponderate, dominate, rule the roost; boss [U.S.]; override, overrule, overawe; lord it over, hold in hand, keep under, make a puppet of, lead by the nose, turn round one's little finger, bend to one's will, hold one's own, wear the breeches; have the ball at one's feet, have it all one's own way, have the game in one's own hand, have on the hip, have under one's thumb; be master of the situation; take the lead, play first fiddle, set the fashion; give the law to; carry with a high hand; lay down the law; "ride in the whirlwind and direct the storm" [Addison]; rule with a rod of iron &c. (severity) 739.
Adj. at the head, dominant, paramount, supreme, predominant, preponderant, in the ascendant, influential; arbitrary; compulsory &c. 744: stringent.
at one's command; in one's power, in one's grasp; under control.
Adv. in the name of, by the authority of, de par le Roi[Fr], in virtue of; under the auspices of, in the hands of.
at one's pleasure; by a dash if the pen, by a stroke of the pen; ex mero motu[Lat]; ex cathedra[Lat: from the chair].
Phr. the gray mare the better horse; "every inch a king" [Lear]. <-- in 4e sections 741 to 748 deal with government and politics. Lots of words and concepts are new since 1911! Here we make a start with one heading Yet to do: take political subdivisions from territory 181 and 780, put them all here. --> #737a. Government. -- N. government, legal authority, soveriegn, sovereign authority; authority &c. 737; master &c. 745; direction &c. 693.
[nations] national government, nation, state, country, nation-state, dominion, republic, empire, union, democratic republic; kingdom, principality.
[subdivisions of nations] state government[U.S terminology], state; shire[England]; province[Canada]; county[Ireland]; canton[Switzerland]; territory [Australia]; duchy, archduchy, archdukedom[obs]; woiwodshaft; commonwealth; region &c. 181; property &c. 780.
[smaller subdivisions] county, parish[Louisiana]; city, domain, tract, arrondissement[Fr], mofussil[obs], commune,; wappentake, hundred, riding, lathe, garth[obs], soke[obs], tithing; ward, precinct, bailiwick.
command, empire, sway, rule; dominion, domination; sovereignty, supremacy, suzerainty; lordship, headship[obs]; chiefdom[obs]; seigniory, seigniority[obs].
rule, sway, command, control, administer; govern &c. (direct) 693; lead, preside over, reign, possess the throne, be seated on the throne, occupy the throne; sway the scepter, wield the scepter; wear the crown.
state, realm, body politic, posse comitatus[Lat].
[person in the governing authority] judicature &c. 965; cabinet &c. (council) 696; seat of government, seat of authority; headquarters.
[Acquisition of authority] accession; installation &c. 755; politics &c. 737a.
reign, regime, dynasty; directorship, dictatorship; protectorate, protectorship; caliphate, pashalic[obs], electorate; presidency, presidentship[obs]; administration; proconsul, consulship; prefecture; seneschalship; magistrature[obs], magistracy.
monarchy; kinghood[obs], kingship; royalty, regality; aristarchy[obs], aristocracy; oligarchy, democracy, theocracy, demagogy; commonwealth; dominion; heteronomy; republic, republicanism; socialism; collectivism; mob law, mobocracy[obs], ochlocracy[obs]; vox populi, imperium in imperio[Lat]; bureaucracy; beadledom[obs], bumbledom[obs]; stratocracy; military power, military government, junta; feodality[obs], feudal system, feudalism.
thearchy[obs], theocracy, dinarchy[obs]; duarchy[obs], triarchy, heterarchy[obs]; duumvirate; triumvirate; autocracy, autonomy; limited monarchy; constitutional government, constitutional monarchy; home rule; representative government; monocracy[obs], pantisocracy[obs].
gynarchy[obs], gynocracy[obs], gynaeocracy[obs]; petticoat government.
[government functions] legislature, judiciary, administration.
[Government agencies and institutions] office of the president, office of the prime minister, cabinet; senate, house of representatives, parliament; council &c. 696; courts, supreme court; state[U.S. national government departments (list)], interior, labor, health and human services, defense, education, agriculture, justice, commerce, treasury; Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI; Central Intelligence Agency, CIA; National Institutes of Health, NIH; Postal Service, Post Office; Federal Aviation Administration, FAA.
[national government officials] president, vice president, cabinet member, prime minister, minister; senator, representatative, president pro tem[Lat], speaker of the house; department head, section head, section chief; federal judge, justice, justice of the supreme court, chief justice; treasurer, secretary of the treasury; director of the FBI.
[state government officials] governor, state cabinet member; state senator, assemblyman, assemblywoman.
V. govern, rule, have authority, hold authority, possess authority, exercise authority, exert authority, wield authority &c. n.; reign, be sovereign.
[acquire authority] ascend the throne, mount the throne; take the reins, take the reins into one's hand; assume authority &c. n., assume the reins of government; take command, assume command.
[contend for authority] politics &c. 737a.
be governed by, be in the power of, be a subject of, be a citizen of.
Adj. regal, sovereign, governing; royal, royalist; monarchical, kingly; imperial, imperiatorial[obs]; princely; feudal; aristocratic, autocratic; oligarchic &c. n.; republican, dynastic.
ruling &c. v.; regnant, gubernatorial; imperious; authoritative, executive, administrative, clothed with authority, official, departmental, ex officio, imperative, peremptory, overruling, absolute; hegemonic, hegemonical[obs]; authorized &c. (due) 924.
[pertaining to property owned by government] government, public; national, federal; his majesty's[Great Britain], her majesty's;.state, county, city, &c. n.
Phr[cf. nations, subdivisions of nations, smaller subdivisions]. "a dog's obeyed in office" [Lear]; cada uno tiene su alguazil[obs][Sp]; le Roi le veut[Fr]; regibus esse manus en nescio longas[obs][Lat]; regnant populi[Lat]; "the demigod Authority " [Measure for Measure]; "the right divine of kings to govern wrong" [Pope]; "uneasy lies the head that wears a crown" [Henry IV]. #737b. Politics. [contention for governmental authority or influence]. -- N. politics; political science; candidacy, campaign, campaigning, electioneering; partisanship, ideology, factionalism.
election, poll, ballot, vote, referendum, recall, initiative, voice, suffrage, plumper, cumulative vote, plebiscitum[Lat], plebiscite, vox populi; electioneering; voting &c. v.; elective franchise; straight ticket [U.S.]; opinion poll, popularity poll.
issue; opinion, stand, position; program, platform; party line.
[ideologies] democracy, republicanism; communism, statism, state socialism; socialism; conservatism, toryism; liberalism, whigism; theocracy; constitutional monarchy.
[political parties] party &c. 712; Democratic Party[U.S: list], Republican Party, Socialist Party, Communist Party; Federalist Party[U.S. defunct parties: list], Bull Moose Party, Abolitionist Party; Christian Democratic Party[Germany: list], Social Democratic Party; National Socialist Worker's Party[Germany, 1930-1945], Nazi Party; Liberal Party[Great Britain:list], Labor Party, Conservative Party.
[person active in politics] politician[general], activist; candidate[specific politicians: list], aspirant, hopeful, office-seeker, front-runner, dark horse, long shot, shoo-in; supporter, backer, political worker, campaign worker; lobbyist, contributor; party hack, ward heeler; regional candidate, favorite son; running mate, stalking horse; perpetual candidate, political animal.
political contribution, campaign contribution; political action committee, PAC.
political district, electoral division, electoral district, bailiwick.
get-out-the-vote campaign, political education.
negative campaigning, dirty politics, smear campaign.
[unsuccessful candidate] also-ran, loser; has-been.
[successful candidate] office holder, official, occupant of a position; public servant, incumbent; winner.
V. run for office, stand for office; campaign, stump; throw one's hat in the ring; announce one's candidacy.
Adj. political, partisan.
Phr. "Money is the mother's milk of politics " [Tip O'Neill].